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Choosing the Right Hairdressing Scissors

Hairdressing scissors, or hair shears, are the basic yet essential tool of any hair stylist. A stylist without a pair of good quality hair shears won’t be able to offer high quality results, so concentrate on finding the best hair shears available. Hairdressing scissors come in different shapes and sizes depending on the job they must perform, so to help you choose, we’ve made up a few lists of types that include hair shears, edges, handles and blades to assist you in narrowing down your options and making a decision that will hopefully meet your styling needs. Types of Hairdressing Scissors There are many types of hairdressing scissors available, so here’s a list describing each one and what its uses are: • Hair cutting scissors: the basic pair, straight edged and used for cutting hair. • Thinning scissors: these are used to decrease volume by thinning out hair and blending it in without changing the hairstyle. Thinning scissors can remove 50% of bulk from hair and feature one straight edged blade and another comb like blade with teeth along the edge. • Texturizing scissors: this pair of scissors can add texture to your hair and help create new styles, while removing about 20% of the bulk from hair. • Left scissors: scissors that are specially designed for left handed hair stylists and can perform exactly the same jobs as scissors for right handed stylists. • Lefty compatible scissors: these are regular scissors that can be used by both left handed and right handed hair stylists. Just flip the handle and it’s ready to wield! Types of Hairdressing Scissor Edges The type of edge your scissors have can determine the outcome when you employ different hair cutting methods. The angle in which the scissor blades are sharpened define the type of edge the scissors will have. Here’s a completion of edge types and their uses: • Convex edge: the convex edged blade is ideal for cutting wet hair and slide cutting, sharpened at a 40-50 degree angle. The blade is sharpened so precisely that you can hardly make it out! This edge is sharp enough to let you perform slide cutting jobs easily and accurately. • Semi-convex edge: like the convex edge, this one is very sharp and precise but sharpened on a 40-45 degree angle and can perform practically the same job. • Bevel edge: this edge is sharpened on a 30-50 degree angle and can be used to cut dry and oily hair efficiently. • Custom edge: a custom edge is a convex edge sharpened on a 45-50 degree angle and then semi-convexed at a slightly lower degree than the convex angle. Types of Hairdressing Scissor Handles Comfort and convenience are two things you need to think of when looking for the ideal pair of hairdressing scissors. The handle makes up a big part of this since it has direct contact with your hand. Read on to find out about the different types of handles available. • Classic: also known as the even handled hair shear, the classic handle is for thumbs up cutting. • Offset: this handle has finger rings that are offset from the blade, providing an easy grip and increased comfort for thumbs down cutting. • Semi-offset: this handle type has the thumb rings placed between the even and offset handle locations, making it a combination of both these handle types. • Crane/butterfly: with the crane handle, the handle is lower than the offset one, and a good choice for hair stylists who prefer to cut thumbs down. • Swivel: also named the twister handle, this convenient feature lets the thumb ring rotate 360 degrees for maximum convenience, allowing you to cut thumbs up or thumbs down. Types of Steel The material a hairdressing scissor blade is made from can make a big difference in the final results as well as in the entire cutting process. Steel hardness is measured using the Rockwell Scale, and you may have seen an inclusion of a steel hardening element such as Cobalt or Tungsten when researching steel blades. Most hairdressing scissor blades feature stainless steels that range from Rc 48 to Rc 62 on the Rockwell Scale, but a high quality precision scissor will range from Rc 54 to Rc 62. Anything lower than Rc 53 tends to be lower quality, so aim higher if you want great results. The harder steels are very resistant and durable, lasting much longer than most and holding their edge. Hard steels also can become more brittle and tend to chip along the edges if not handled correctly or if dropped. Softer steels are more flexible and can generate sharper edges when sharpened. They are also resistant and hold their own against chips and nicks. Armed with all of this information you can now proceed to pick the perfect pair of hairdressing shears!